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Aspergillus zonatus by R.A. Samson, CBS-KNAW Fungal Biodiversity Centre, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Aspergillus zonatus exhibits a fascinating concentric zonal growth form and is derived from tropical soils. It produces some unusual metabolites which overlap with the penicillia. Critically, it is placed phylogenetically as a very basal Aspergillus species, located on a branch between the main groups of Aspergillus species and more distantly related Penicillium and other Eurotiomycete species. Therefore, analysis of genome arrangement and gene content should provide insights into the ancestral organization of the Aspergillus genome and enzyme compliment thereof, allowing an understanding of how species have since become specialized for certain substrates and lifestyles.

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