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Home • Herpotrichiellaceae sp. JF2 05-7F Lumpy v1.0
Herpotrichiellaceae sp. JF2 05-7F Lumpy
JF2 05-7F “Lumpy” microscopy image. This picture was taken using an Olympus BX51 microscope on the 40x objective lens of the microscope and an iPhone over the ocular lens. Morphology of this isolate is pseudohyphal, as observed in this image. Growth conditions of this isolate was on MEA for 10 days of growth, then the fungus was scrapped off and diluted in water to obtain a planktonic cell solution for imaging. Thick cell walls typical of black yeast fungi and circular lipid bodies inside the cells are observed in this image. Photo credit: Erin Carr.
Herpotrichiellaceae sp. JF2 05-7F Lumpy
JF2 05-7F “Lumpy” plate image. This fungus was grown on an MEA plate for 16 days when this photo was taken. Its highly melanized cell wall is easily observed by the dark black color of its colonies. It forms rough, circular colonies that when formed close together create lumps and cracks in the biomass. Photo credit: Erin Carr.

JF2 05-7F Lumpy

JF2 05-7F Lumpy is an unknown polyextremotolerant fungal culture whose highest hit in the NCBI database is Uncultured Herpotrichiellaceae clone (FJ554329.1), 98.83% matching. Phylogenetically, it forms its own clade within Herpotrichiellaceae, outside of the Exophiala and Knufia/Phaeococcomyces clades. Polyextremotolerant fungi are named as such because of their high resistance to many stressors simultaneously, as opposed to extremophiles which live exclusively in extreme conditions (Gostinčar et al., 2012). They are also known as “black yeast fungi”, referring to their highly melanized cell wall, although not all have the yeast morphology (Gostinčar et al., 2012). This fungus was isolated as part of a broader survey of fungal-algal associations in dryland Biological Soil Crusts (BSCs) as funded by NASA’s exobiology program. It was recovered from a BSC community located in Jackman Flats Provincial Park (B.C., Canada). JF2 05-7F Lumpy is almost exclusively found in a pseudohyphal form, with the occasional true hyphae. It does not pellet well when centrifuging as pure culture in water. No teleomorphic state has yet been observed for JF2 05-7F, but that is typical of black yeast fungi (Untereriner et al., 1995). Extensive phenotyping shows that this isolate can use most standard nitrogen sources to support growth. It is capable of growing in most carbon sources, but is unable to grow in sorbitol, ribose, or lactose. Moreover, JF2 05-7F is resistant to most metals except for cadmium. JF2 05-7F’s optimal growth temperature is 22°C but was also capable of growing at 27°C with little to no growth decrease. Growth at 4°C was stunted, while growth at 37°C and 42°C was not observed.

References:

Gostinčar, C., Muggia, L., & Grube, M. (2012). Polyextremotolerant black fungi: oligotrophism, adaptive potential, and a link to lichen symbioses. Frontiers in Microbiology, 3, 390.

Untereiner, W. A., Straus, N. A., & Malloch, D. (1995). A molecular-morphotaxonomic approach to the systematics of the Herpotrichiellaceae and allied black yeasts. Mycological Research, 99(8), 897-913.