Home • Resinicium bicolor OMC78 v1.0
Resinicium bicolor fruiting body
Resinicium bicolor fruiting body growing on spruce in Helsinki, Finland (collection Miettinen 18183) [Photo credit: Otto Miettinen]

This genome was sequenced as part of the JGI CSP "1000 Fungal Genomes – Deep Sequencing of Ecologically-relevant Dikarya" project. Within the framework of this project, we are sequencing keystone lineages of saprophytic, mycorrhizal, and endophytic fungi that are of special ecological importance. Dozens of sequenced species were harvested from Long Term Observatories to serve as the foundation for a reference database for metagenomics of fungi and for a comprehensive survey of the soil fungal metatranscriptome.

Resinicium bicolor

Resinicium bicolor is a common corticioid white-rot fungus in boreal and temperate areas throughout the Northern Hemisphere. It prefers to grow on coniferous wood but can also frequently be found on deciduous trees. It is among the most dominant wood-decomposers of spruce in North Europe and Canada (Nakasone 1990), but easily overlooked due to its inconspicuous, thin effused fruiting bodies, which are translucent when young. The fruiting bodies bear small spines on the surface, and large calcium oxalate crystals (asterocystidia) and capitate cystidia (halocystidia) make this species easy to identify under microscope.

Resinicium bicolor belongs to the Hymenochaetales (Agaricomycetes, Basidiomycota), and is the type species of the genus Resinicium. Phylogenetic analyses indicate that it may be among the earliest diverging members of the order (Larsson et al. 2007). It has reportedly a bipolar mating system, which is relatively rare among wood-inhabiting basidiomycetes (Nakasone 1990). Resinicium bicolor has been subject to a number of studies focusing on its physiology (Connolly & Jellison 1995), population structure (Kirby et al. 1990), (experimental) community ecology (Holmer & Stenlid 1993, 1996, 1997, Zakaria & Boddy 2002, Hynes et al. 2007, Lindner et al. 2011, Hiscox et al. 2018), pre-treatment of wood in pulp production (Job 2002), and in detoxification of waste rubber material (Brederg et al. 2002).

The strain used for genome sequencing originates in Helsinki, Finland. It is a heterokaryon, and was produced from a spore print of a fruiting body that grew on a fallen, dead spruce trunk.

The 1KFG project is a large collaborative effort aiming for master publication(s). Please do contact the PI for 1KFG - Deep Sequencing of Ecologically-relevant Dikarya (Dr. Francis Martin) for permission prior to the use of any data in publications.


  • Bredberg K, Erik Andersson B, Landfors E, Holst O (2002) Microbial detoxification of waste rubber material by wood-rotting fungi. Bioresource Technology 83 (3):221-224. doi:10.1016/S0960-8524(01)00218-8
  • Connolly JH, Jellison J (1995) Calcium translocation, calcium oxalate accumulation, and hyphal sheath morphology in the white-rot fungus Resinicium bicolor. Canadian Journal of Botany 73 (6):927-936 doi:10.1139/b95-101
  • Hiscox J, O'Leary J, Boddy L (2018) Fungus wars: basidiomycete battles in wood decay. Stud Mycol 89:117-124. doi:10.1016/j.simyco.2018.02.003
  • Holmer, L. and Stenlid, J. (1993) The importance of inoculum size for the competitive ability of wood decomposing fungi. FEMS Microbiol Ecol 12: 169-176. doi:10.1111/j.1574-6941.1993.tb00029.x
  • Holmer, L. and Stenlid, J. (1996) Diffuse competition for heterogeneous substrate in soil among six species of wood decomposing basidiomycetes. Oecologia 106: 531-538. doi:10.1007/BF00329712
  • Holmer, L. and Stenlid, J. (1997) Competitive hierarchies of wood decomposing basidiomycetes in artificial systems based on variable inoculum size. Oikos 79: 77-84. doi:10.2307/3546092
  • Hynes J, Müller C, Jones TH, Boddy L (2007) Changes in Volatile Production During the Course of Fungal Mycelial Interactions Between Hypholoma fasciculare and Resinicium bicolor. J Chem Ecol 33 (1):43-57. doi:10.1007/s10886-006-9209-6
  • Job D (2002) Assessment of selected decay Basidiomycetes for selective biodefibrillation of Picea abies wood. Mycol Prog 1 (2):123-129. doi:10.1007/s11557-006-0010-2
  • Kirby, J.J.H., Stenlid, J., Holdenrieder, O. (1990) Population structure and responses to disturbance of the basidiomycete Resinicium bicolor. Oecologia 85: 178-184. doi:10.1007/BF00319399
  • Larsson K-H, Parmasto E, Fischer M, Langer E, Nakasone KK, Redhead SA (2007 ['2006']) Hymenochaetales: a molecular phylogeny for the hymenochaetoid clade. Mycologia 98 (6):926-936. doi:10.3852/mycologia.98.6.926
  • Lindner DL, Vasaitis R, Kubartová A, Allmér J, Johannesson H, Banik MT, Stenlid J (2011) Initial fungal colonizer affects mass loss and fungal community development in Picea abies logs 6yr after inoculation. Fungal Ecology 4 (6):449-460. doi:10.1016/j.funeco.2011.07.001
  • Nakasone KK (1990) Cultural studies and identification of wood-inhabiting Corticiaceae and selected Hymenomycetes from North America. Mycologia Memoirs 15:1-412
  • Nobles MK (1953) Studies in wood-inhabiting Hymenomycetes I. Odontia bicolor. Canadian Journal of Botany 31:745-749 doi:10.1139/b53-057
  • Zakaria AJ, Boddy L (2002) Mycelial foraging by Resinicium bicolor: interactive effects of resource quantity, quality and soil composition. FEMS microbiology ecology 40 (2):135-142. doi:10.1111/j.1574-6941.2002.tb00945.x